• Tigers are solitary and territorial. Within their territory, a tiger may have a number of dens in caves, hollow trees, and dense vegetation.
– This is an instinctive behavior that allows them to protect themselves from danger. They can hide easily from harm.
• Tigers mostly feed on larger and medium sized animals. They can also prey on leopards, pythons, sloth bears and crocodiles. Like many predators, they are opportunistic and will eat much smaller prey, such as monkeys, peafowl, hares, and fish.
– Their feeding behaviors allow them to maximize the differential between benefits and costs.
• Tigers usually hunt at night. They ambush their prey overpowering them from any angle, using their body size and strength to knock large prey off balance
– A learned behavior through habituation that allows tigers to be more successful in hunting their preys.
• When hunting large prey, tigers prefer to bite the throat and use their forelimbs to hold onto the prey, bringing it to the ground. The tiger remains latched onto the neck until its prey dies of strangulation. With small prey, the tiger bites the nape, often breaking the spinal cord, piercing the windpipe, or severing the jugular vein or common carotid artery.
– Their hunting behaviors allow them to survive against their prey
• Mating can occur all year round, but is generally more common between November and April. A pair will copulate frequently and noisily.
– Mating is an instinctive behavior for tigers to maintain their species. Copulating noisily is a form of communication display for the tigers.
• The females rear the cubs, sheltering them in dens such as thickets and rocky crevices.
– To protect the cubs, the female tigers shelter them. The females also provide for the needs of her litter.
• Tigers have killed more people, particularly in areas where population growth, logging, and farming have put pressure on tiger habitats. Most man-eating tigers are old and missing teeth, acquiring a taste for humans because of their inability to capture preferred prey. Unlike man-eating leopards, even established man-eating tigers will seldom enter human settlements, usually remaining at village outskirts.
– A learned behavior for tigers to be able to survive from hunger.
• Tigers have been kept as pets.
– A learned behavior that allows tiger to get rid of their wild behaviors.
• When alert to sounds, the tiger’s ears perk up and efficiently funnel sounds to the inner ear.
– This allows tigers to communicate more effectively.
SeaWorld. (2002). Behavior. Retrieved December 18, 2008 from http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/Tiger/behavtiger.html.
Lumpkin, S. & Seidensticker, J. (2008). Tiger. Retrieved December 18, 2008 from http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761576290_2/tiger.html
Sources of Images:
- Tiger - http://catsworking.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/tiger-tatiana.gif
- Tiger Catching Prey - http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2006/10/chinazoo2G_509x700.jpg
- Tiger Rearing Cub – http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/05/22/article-1021256-0154637C00000578-661_468x523.jpg
- Tiger as Pet – http://www.exoticcatz.com/photoalbum/albums/userpics/10001/normal_felines40.jpg